What is a paralysis?
Paralysis is loss of muscle function for one or more muscles. Paralysis can be accompanied by a loss of feeling (sensory loss) in the affected area if there is sensory damage as well as motor. Paralysis can affect the entire body or a specific body part. When the whole body is affected it is known as complete Paralysis. When it affects a specific body part it is known as partial Paralysis. A facial Paralysis is one of the most common disabilities resulting from stroke and mainly affects one side of the face.
What are the causes of paralysis?
The main cause of Paralysis is the impairment of nerves in the spinal cord or brain. Stroke, head injury, spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis are considered as the four most common causes of Paralysis. However, some more brain disorder, infections, or even environmental toxins can also cause Paralysis. Have a look at the following list that gives the causes of Paralysis.
Neurological diseases, such as Cerebral Palsy, Bell’s Palsy, Multiple Sclerosis, and Peripheral Neuropathy.
Infectious or autoimmune diseases such as HIV, Lyme disease, Spondylitis, and Guillain-Barre syndrome.
Serious or life-threatening conditions such as brain tumor, trauma, hemorrhage, or stroke.
Trauma such as a herniated vertebral disk, broken or severed spinal cord, or direct trauma to a nerve.
Environmental factors such as toxins, radiation or poisons.
What are the signs and symptoms of paralysis?
Paralysis impairs the muscle power and thus may result in total or partial immobility. Even if it is a partial Paralysis it has a significant effect on the other systems in the body. The common signs and symptoms of Paralysis includes
Changes to circulation and respiration
Changes to the kidneys and gastrointestinal system
Changes to muscles, joints, and bones
Spasticity of the limbs
Blood clots in the lower limbs
Feelings of numbness or pain
Disruption of the normal working of the tissues, glands, and organs
Loss of control of urination
Abnormal breathing or heart rate
Difficulty speaking or swallowing
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What Are the Types Of Paralysis?